Obesity, a lifestyle problem, is growing each day all over the world and affecting so many lives. Obesity even affects the fertility of both men and women. Obesity can be fought and overcome, it is far better to have a healthy and happy life than suffer.
Let us talk about 5 important points on Obesity and how it affects Fertility. To become pregnant successfully, a healthy weight really matters.
There are numerous risks and dangers related to obesity, for instance, the increased risk for heart disease, diabetes, back and joint problems, and many other conditions.
Excess weight can impair your chances of becoming pregnant is what recent studies have proven time and again. Being overweight affects the quality of eggs and sperm, and can reduce the chance of pregnancy – especially if you’re very overweight. Yet, being underweight can also reduce fertility thus proving that a healthy normal weight matters. Obesity has a lot of negative effects on both men and women.
Hormonal changes are most likely to occur in the body when your body mass index goes beyond the overweight category (BMI of 25–29.9) into the obese category (BMI of 30 and above). Thus when the levels of natural hormones change, the chance of conceiving/getting pregnant decreases.
2. Insulin resistance
Obesity usually leads to insulin resistance due to the hormonal imbalance that comes with it. This is the major risk factor that leads not only to diabetes but also affects fertility in both men and women. In women, it can create abnormal menstrual cycles. Insulin resistance often leads to anovulation, in which the woman’s body does not produce eggs properly (when ovaries do not produce oocytes) thus leading to no ovulation.
3. Natural and assisted pregnancies
When you are trying to get pregnant obesity can make it very challenging if you are obese, no matter whether you are trying through natural means or by assisted reproductive technologies such as in-vitro fertilization (IVF). Obesity also increases the risk of experiencing a miscarriage. This issue may be usually caused by the hormonal imbalance issues or may be due to the production of poor quality eggs by the body.
4. Decreases Men’s fertility as well
Meanwhile so much focus on obesity and infertility which has always been on women forgetting that it affects men as well. In men, obesity can lead to a decrease in testosterone that can lead ultimately to infertility. To add to that, erectile dysfunction also occurs at a very high rate among men who are obese.
5. Losing weight can improve all of the above
Improving your chances of a successful pregnancy is by losing weight because as you lose weight, hormonal imbalances and other effects of obesity start decreasing. And if you think that you need help with a weight-loss plan, it is best to talk to your doctor. Better yet, you can get begin on a healthy path by combining positive lifestyle changes like regular exercise, cutting down on the portion sizes and healthy food choices to your weight loss plan.