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In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

What is IVF?


In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), commonly known as ‘test-tube baby’, is a procedure in which the egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body. The woman’s eggs are removed from the ovaries and fertilized in a fluid medium in the laboratory. Once fertilized, the fertilized egg is cultured for three to five days and then transferred to the woman’s uterus, in order to establish pregnancy. This procedure is undertaken in IVF centers by doctors qualified to administer this process.

Who is IVF suitable for?

It is advised for women who have problems with their fallopian tubes, due to which normal conception is not possible. The fallopian tubes may be damaged, blocked or in some cases, absent. It is also used in cases of male infertility, due to low sperm count or sperm quality. In such situations, it is used along with Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI).


What does IVF involve?

There are four-steps involved in a successful IVF procedure


Ovarian Hyper stimulation

This involves administering fertility medication under the supervision of an experienced doctor to induce development of multiple follicles of ovaries. A follicle is a spheroid structure which secretes hormones and has the potential to release an egg during ovulation.

Retrieval of Eggs

The eggs are retrieved from the patient using a transvaginal technique called transvaginal oocyte retrieval, involving an ultrasound-guided needle piercing the vaginal wall to reach the ovaries. Through this needle follicles can be aspirated, and the follicular fluid is passed to an embryologist to identify ova. It is common to remove between ten and thirty eggs. The retrieval procedure usually takes between 20 and 40 minutes, depending on the number of mature follicles, and is usually done under conscious sedation or general

Fertilization outside the body and culture of embryos

In the laboratory, the identified eggs are stripped of surrounding cells and prepared for fertilization. An oocyte selection may be performed prior to fertilization to select eggs with optimal chances of successful pregnancy. In the meantime, semen is prepared for fertilization by removing inactive cells and seminal fluid in a process called sperm washing. If a sperm donor is providing semen, it will usually have been prepared for treatment before being frozen and quarantined, and it will be thawed ready for use.

Embryo Transfer

Embryo transfer refers to a step in the process of assisted reproduction in which embryos are placed into the uterus of a female with the intent to establish a pregnancy.

What to expect Post-Procedure

After embryo transfer you may resume your normal activities, as moving around enhances blood flow to the uterus. However, this is not necessary and you can do what feels right for you. The first pregnancy tests begin two weeks after ET because the hormone used to trigger ovulation is the same as the one used to test for pregnancy, and since it might still linger in the bloodstream it could result in false results. The IVF center would advise you in matters taking into consideration your unique makeup.


What are the risks involved?

IVF treatments are not without their risks. Unexpected Multiple Pregnancies are one of them, and they can lead to complications such as gestational diabetes, fetal growth restriction, and preeclampsia as well as premature birth. Aspire Fertility Center will advise on the risks to their clients before all procedures.


How successful is IVF?

The success rate of IVF depends upon many factors, primarily the patient’s age. Younger women are able to produce more genetically normal and balanced eggs than older woman and enjoy greater successes. It also depends on the type of fertility problems, the quality of sperms and lifestyle habits. Thus, the IVF success rate depends on multiple factors and you should contact your IVF doctors for more information.


Dr. Ashwini. G.B heads the IVF department at Aspire Fertility Center. She is a member of Indian Society for Assisted Reproduction (ISAR), Federation of Obstetric and Gynaecological Societies of India (FOGSI), Karnataka Chapter of ISAR and Fellow of Indian Council of Obstetricians and Gynaecologist (FICOG). Doctor has an experience of 14 years in Reproductive Medicine and her special interests are Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome and Endometriosis. Doctor has many National and International presentations, conferences, and publications in scientific journals to the credit.

Aspire Fertility Centre has excellent facilities and state-of-the-art equipments to assist patients in realizing their dreams. Our state-of-the-art diagnostic equipment can help detect problems accurately and we recommend you the best possible treatment for your budget. We have the best embryological labs to successfully carry out all the procedures involved in IVF ensuring the best outcomes for the patients. Our scan rooms and operating theatres are staffed by skilled doctors and support staff who will ensure everything happens flawlessly and in the best interests of the patient. Our recovering patients are attended by courteous and skilled staff who ensure that they get the best post-IVF experience.

Our doctors are well qualified and have graduated from the reputed institutes in this country. They are very well experienced in their respective domains and can therefore ensure the best outcomes for their patients. Our doctors are members of international medical associations and have published in nationally and internationally acclaimed journals and have delivered presentations in the national and international conferences.

Experience parenthood, one of life’s amazing experiences, through IVF in a safe and trustworthy environment, assisted by experienced doctors and the best medical technology.
Visit Aspire Fertility Center and turn your dream into reality.

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